Life insurance is a type of coverage that pays benefits upon a person's death to designated beneficiaries. In some cases, there may be a maturity date, where the insured, if still living, can receive the proceeds.
A small premium gives you immediate coverage and provides for a large death benefit payable upon the death of the insured to provide capital to provide an income for dependents.
Tax deferred interest accounts are allowed with some types of life insurance to offer insurance in tandem with an investment component, which can allow increased funds to pass tax free to heirs. This advanced estate planning tool is used by tax specialists who maximize the estate value while using life insurance. The investment after achieving growth can enhance retirement income.
Life insurance may be divided into two classes:
Insurance is less expensive but most term periods are only temporary.
Insurance continues to the decease of the insured or alternatively pays one a level or an increasing lump sum at a certain age of maturity (usually age 100), or offers cash value or tax-advantage or premium pre-payment incentives. Where there are cash values associated with a Permanent plan, the amount of risk is reduced for the insurer. This often allows the cost of the insurance to be lowered as the increasing cash funds accumulating in the plan, increasingly reduce by replacing, the level of insurance needed.
Permanent Life Insurance plans include:
Critical Illness Insurance is a plan contracted with a life insurer typically to make a lump sum cash payment if a policyholder is diagnosed with one of the critical illnesses listed in the insurance policy.
These policies can cover serious illnesses that can cause loss of independence, such as the main health threats of cancer, heart attack, and stroke. As well many more illnesses, the list of which we can provide as we go over the insurance planning with you.
The policy may also pay out regular income to a policyholder undergoing a surgical procedure, such as having a heart bypass operation.
The policy may require the policyholder to survive a minimum number of days from when the illness was first diagnosed (usually 30 days).
Disability Insurance provides a monthly income in the event you are incapacitated, and incapable of working due to an injury or illness. Often called “Income Replacement Insurance”, this coverage is important for self-employed individuals. It is also for those without disability insurance via their employer.
Your ability to earn income may be compromised through injury or illness if you become disabled. Your ability to pay bills or save for retirement could decline. Disability insurance plans are designed to help you meet necessary income requirements enabling you to concentrate on recovering from your disability and returning to an active income-generating life.
Generally, disability benefits are received if you can't perform the duties of your own occupation, a similar job in your field, or any job at all. How soon and for how long you can collect benefits is determined in your policy contract.
Income protection can provide income for disabled professionals such as lawyers or doctors, small business owners like plumbers or carpenters, leading business executives, as well as full- or part-time or home-based workers.
Disability insurance benefits are payable on a monthly basis during a disability for the benefit period of the contract, which can vary. When you recover from a disability, the policy continues, usually payable again for a subsequent or recurring disability.
Most people are aware of the importance of life insurance, but rarely think about having a disability despite the statistics indicating they are quite common. Death is inevitable, while disability is probable at any given age.
If a person is hard to insure, there are life insurance plans specifically designed for no medical underwriting for a lower face value. The premium may be slightly higher than a brokered insurance plan designed for healthy people.
You will only have to answer the typical questions in the policy application. These plans work best for people who:
Before you purchase this plan, we can advise you of your options based on your health history, or if there are past failed applications. By searching the market, we will find the most suitable plan for your situation. You may be able to be underwritten by certain underwriters who accept more risk.
We will assess both a regular and/or non-medical life insurance plans and may advise submitting both types of applications. Both traditional and non medical insurance plan benefits are 100% tax-free in Canada when paid to beneficiaries.
Our governments do not provide us with the level of healthcare you may need. As they cut back their levels of healthcare coverage, you may be left to pay for expenses such as:
Private Health and Dental Insurance plans are designed to cover individuals not protected or inadequately covered by a group health plan. These plans can benefit you by reducing your fees per visit to your dentist or health care provider.
Plans available offer:
It makes sense to consider coverage for unexpected medical expenses that may supplement your current health care plan. These plans generally cover chiropractors, osteopaths, naturopaths, podiatrists, registered massage therapists, acupuncturists, physiotherapists, psychologists, homecare nursing and necessary medical devices and equipment.
Mortgage insurance is creditor insurance where financial institutions offer to pay off the remainder of a mortgage if the mortgagor dies during the term of the mortgage.
Another strategy to achieve this uses personally owned life insurance, which gives you more flexibility insuring your mortgage liability. Compare the mortgage insurance your bank or financial institution uses for your mortgage creditor life insurance with buying your own personally owned term insurance.
Creditor insurance may cover two parties who jointly mortgage their property. However, it pays only on the first death, even if the two were to die. When one spouse dies, creditor insurance no longer covers any survivors. In contrast, by owning your own insurance policy, two spouses or partners may each own separate life insurance death benefits. In the case where both parties die, double the benefit would be paid, thus adding increased value to the estate. If one survives, the coverage on that life continues.
These insurance plans can offer emergency medical protection for visitors, immigrants, foreign students and residents who are not covered by government health insurance. Visiting guests can be covered by valid medical health insurance, which begins upon arrival here as long as it is bought ahead of travel.
While travelling outside your country or locality some expenses may be partially covered by your government health insurance. There is both daily and annual coverage, which is great if you travel to the warmer climes in the winter or travel year-round.
Travelling out of country, an insured individual is covered by emergency insurance that pays for expenses related to an emergency medical condition (covered by the plan). These expenses may be: a hospital stay, prescription drugs, ambulance transportation, etc. Please refer to the policy for more details.
Coverage can include these expenses:
Note: Refer to the policy, which can vary.
There are many ways to reduce your estate liabilities. You work hard to earn a living, save for retirement, and own property. It is important to know what your estate liabilities are in relation to: capital gains, mortgage debt, car loans, unpaid taxes, and business-related liabilities. Consider reducing these liabilities:
Reduce the impact of income taxes. Here are some methods to reduce taxes due upon your death:
Reduce probate fees. Probate fees will be based on the value of assets administered through your will. Here are some ways to reduce probate fees:
Since the 1920s the ratio of seniors over the age of 85 has doubled to one out of every 10 people. This number is to increase, to five times the current demographic, into the 2050s according to Statistics Canada. That means that half the population in 40 years, will be over age 85.
Long-Term Care Insurance (LTCI) is an insurance contract with an insurer that is designed to provide care for our own chronic illness, disability, or an accident, all which have a higher potential of occurring as we age.
When our health is fine, it is hard to imagine that we may as many will, lose the ability to manage our basic daily activities such as bathing, toileting, walking, dressing, feeding, or moving from our bed to a chair. Many also lose mental faculties that we often take for granted such as memory, logical or conceptual thinking, or referencing dialogue with others. Without assistance it is near-impossible to function without these capacities.
LTCI protects our families from the financial strain of providing long-term care, just as importantly as life and disability insurance protect the income of younger families. The ultimate question is who will financially support long-term care for you? LTCI is not just for seniors but for those who become similarly incapacitated at any age.
It is important to independently plan for our own long-term care because our government healthcare budgets and initiatives are limited. Facilities are often understaffed with overworked or burned out employees. Strict regimes are often the norm where the government foots the bill in both government- and privately-run institutions (many private companies provide government-funded care). For example, bathing can be limited to twice a week, toileting to three times a day, elders may not allowed to take a nap, and most are all placed in bed at 8:00 pm to be awakened to prepare for breakfast at dawn. These are the governmental necessities where a limited budget provides extensive health care for the aging populace.
The majority of us understand the need to save for retirement that can provide an income sufficient to meet our lifestyle expenses. However most people entirely overlook the enormous expense of paying for a private long-term care facility (some cost up to a quarter of a million dollars for five years). Why are they so expensive? They offer 24/7 high-level nursing care in a highly secure environment. Note: Anyone can call a few private long-term care companies and inquire about the cost for their care.
The time is fast upon us when aging baby boomers starting to retire will increasingly depend on long-term care, either paid for by themselves, their children and/or professional health care services.
An annuity is a simple retirement option you can use to create income. In exchange for a sum of money, you receive income payments made up of interest and principal that are determined by your age (and in certain cases, your spouse's age), current interest rates, the length of time the payments are guaranteed for and the amount of money used to purchase the annuity.
Annuities can offer the highest guaranteed income amount possible from an investment at the time of planning. They are an exceptional choice for an investor who wants to help cover essential expenses in retirement, prefers a guaranteed income stream, is concerned about outliving his or her savings, wants to reduce tax on investment income or subsidize early retirement income. It is also useful where an investor wants to fund a child's ongoing educational costs.
Contact us to discuss Annuity options available that may suit your overall investment planning.
Jayson McHattie is registered in Alberta and Saskatchewan to deal in mutual funds through Portfolio Strategies Corporation.
He may also offer insurance related-products, tax planning services, disability insurance, etc. and he is licensed under insurance legislation to provide those services. Those services are not offered through Portfolio Strategies Corporation.